I came across this awesome video from SKUNK BEAR explaining how the sound engineers on the Star Wars movies came up with the sound of those iconic blasters and I knew I had to share it with you.
Now I also want to go throw stones at a frozen lake and dig out a slinky.
Basically the sound the blasters make comes from sound waves dispersing along a metal wire. The sound waves expand and as they do that iconic sound is heard.
Take a look at the video for a much better explanation that I could ever give.